The ongoing pandemic has been a brutal reminder of how unprepared the world is against a novel infection. Despite innumerable lessons from history, with some being very recent (Ebola and Zika), we are still not prepared. If there was to be one positive take-away from this situation, it would be that the world (as a collective) owns some very powerful technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT). It just needs to be properly leveraged by the industry, with the support of the academia/government, for relevant use cases in healthcare.
Within a matter of months, an apparent surge in projects using IoT to tackle the challenges of the medical system, has given a strong boost to the adoption of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) in the health ecosystem.
Managing Hospital Overload by Delivering Care to the Home
Masimo是美国医疗科技公司，最近宣布全部市场释放Masimo SafetyNet™, a cloud-based patient management solution that is designed to help clinicians manage the growing number of Covid-19 cases. This has enabled hospitals to remotely monitor patients in alternative care settings, such as emergency recovery facilities and homes. It uses a wearable, tether-less, single-patient-use sensor to monitor a patient's pulse rate, perfusion index, blood oxygen saturation and respiration rate, and PVi®. It can be particularly useful for managing cancer patients who have acquired the coronavirus infection, as they would be at a greater risk of worsening symptoms or death, if admitted in an in-patient setting.
在印度，根据技术研究所汉普尔（IIT-k）LED联盟和ANSYS，一个全球工程模拟公司，IIT-K孵化的启动 -Nocca Robotics Private Limited-HAS开始开发模块化，功率高效，低成本的呼吸机。这些呼吸机具有功能性的IOT设计，可以通过遥控器控制多个呼吸机，从而提高了医院资源的利用率。
A study performed by MIT表明在载体传播疾病的蔓延中，即使在与城市内距离对应时，人类流动性也是一个主要因素。通过使用地理信息系统（GIS）重叠IoT移动数据，流行病学家可以加快他们寻找患者零, while authorities can track-down individuals who may have been infected by coming into contact with other infected patients. High risk profile residents returning to Hong Kong have received an electronic wristband and have been mandated to stay home for a 14-day quarantine. The band is synced to aphone application, that uses ‘geofencing’ technologyto track the movement of wearers, while also alerting authorities if they leave the predefined zones.
可穿戴设备和健康应用的重要统计数据用于识别无症状案例。WhoOP是一个基于波士顿的可穿戴健身初创公司，与澳大利亚的克利夫兰诊所和昆士兰大学合作。通过使用健身腕带收集的健康数据，克利夫兰诊所和昆士兰大学正在研究呼吸率的变化。他们的科学家正在调查可能的“呼吸率和Covid-19症状的变化之间的联系”，以便为感染Covid-19感染的人进行预警信号，但尚未表现出任何症状。同样，与Kaha合作（IOT智能可穿戴物开发商），高级远程监控LLC（AARM）已宣布360度的监测和分离Covid-19患者的解决方案。它利用了智能可穿戴技术，如armtrackrCCM+ wristbandto check the heart rate, temperature and other metrics remotely and provide the latest data to doctors or health authorities. The wristband even illustrates the spread of the pandemic in particular areas by using heat maps.
With a systematic approach towards public and private partnership, cross-industry collaboration and broader acceptance of technology in healthcare systems, IoMT could see stronger use cases. IoMT could also see steep growth in the near-future, due to its significant role in fixing some of the fault lines in global healthcare and disaster prevention measures near the end of this crisis.